Training - How to control your dog.
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ignore your dogs attempts to get your attention such as whining,
pawing, staring, etc.
MEANS: No looking at your dog, no speaking to your dog, no touching
your dog. When he demands attention you must pretend that he does not
even exist (unless he is asking to go outside to urinate).
You must of course still give your dog attention every day but this must
be initiated by YOU.
NOTHING FOR FREE
Your dog must now earn everything that he wants. This means that he
must obey a command such as sit before he goes outside, before
he gets a treat, before he gets his dinner, etc.
least half of your dogs daily food allowance to use as rewards during
training. Also make sure to have extra tasty treats. (e.g. cheese) for
rewarding your dog when he behaves especially well.
Prepare your dogs dinner at the same time that you prepare your
dinner while allowing your dog to observe. Attach him away from the table
if necessary to prevent him from jumping up. Ignore any of his attempts
to get your attention while you are eating.
Do not feed your dog from the table!
When you are finished eating you may add scraps from your dinner into
his bowl. Then give him his dinner.
Do not allow your dog to sleep in your bedroom! Your dog should have his
own bed area that is separate from all humane members of the family.
You should train your dog to obey basic commands such as come, sit,
stay, when he is asked and not simply when he feels like it.
dog for obeying your commands! A reward is anything that your dog wants
and is willing to work for. Food is an obvious reward but other rewards
include verbal praise and toys.
Use low value
rewards (e.g. piece of dry dog food) when training inside the home and
save the higher value rewards (e.g. piece of cheese) for training outside
where there are more distractions.
You may want
to use a HOUSE LINE in the home during this training. A house
line is simply a long lightweight lead (at least 6 feet long) that is
attached to your dogs collar (ONLY when you are home with him) so
that you can guide your dog (e.g. off the couch) if necessary without
having to actually touch him. Once you have so guided your dog, you can
then reward him. NEVER USE A HOUSELINE TO PULL YOUR DOG TOWARD YOU TO
REWARDS When you first start this training you may want to show
your dog that you have food treats in order to get him interested, but
as you progress over the days you should switch to hiding the treats in
your pocket so that your dog cannot see them. Once your dog understands
a command you can wean him off the food treats somewhat by giving him
a treat every second time he obeys, and later even less frequently. Remember
too that food is not the only reward that you can use!
TOYS AND GAMES
Move all dog toys out of your dogs reach so that he no longer owns
any of his toys. Chews and bones can be left down for your dog but they
should never be used as a toy.
play with your dog every day. A few shorter sessions are generally better
than one long one. Make sure that YOU initiate the play session.
one of his toys and play with your dog but only for as long as YOU want
and end the game (i.e. put the toy away) if he gets over excited.
It is important
to play fetch with your dog. Reward him for bringing the toy back to you,
using lots of praise and maybe food treats too.
can be played but only with you and you must win EVERYTIME. Winning means
that your dog releases the toy when you ask him to do so. Make sure that
you reward him for releasing the toy. DO NOT release the toy while your
dog is holding onto it because that would be letting your dog win the
Try to end
games (i.e. put the toy away) while your dog is still keen on playing.
WHAT NOT TO DO
NEVER punish your dog after the fact.
shouting at your dog when you get home and discover that he has misbehaved
in your absence will not be effective. Your dog will NOT associate his
past actions with your present mood and will likely be confused and fearful
If you DO
punish your dog after the fact, he will probably try to calm you down
by acting submissively, he may slouch and hang his head and give you a
certain look. Many people misread this behavior as acting
PUNISHMENT at anytime is unnecessary and generally does NOT work. Moreover
physical punishment can badly damage the relationship between you and
your dog. Without a good relationship training will be difficult.
WHAT TO DO
If you want to show your dog that you are upset with his behavior
(WHILE he is still performing the behavior) try using a time out.
For example get up and leave the room for a few minutes, slamming the
door behind you.
You may also
shout before leaving the room but DO NOT look at you dog while shouting.
DO NOT grab your dog by the collar or in any way touch him.
a direct confrontation with your dog, you send the message that you are
NOT COMPETING with him. Your dog will therefore not feel that need to
compete with you and will be in a better position to do what you ask of
confrontation is particularly important in situations where your dog becomes
aggressive toward you, for example if he growls when you ask him to do
something. By avoiding confrontation you will also be avoiding a bite.
It is important
that you MAKE UP with your dog after being upset with him. Do not hold
a grudge. Re-enter the room (if you left it) and ask your dog to come
and sit and praise him quietly when he does so. This makes
it very clear to your dog that it was his PREVIOUS behavior that caused
you to become upset.
If you are
having difficulty with getting your dog to move away or off of things,
(e.g. off of furniture) you may want to make use of a house line
(see earlier section on BASIC COMMANDS).
Penny Fordham, Pasadena Humane Society Behavior Counselor
email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Barking at people passing outside the house Toys and games
Attach an eight-foot line to your dogs collar and allow him to trail
it behind him wherever he goes in the house.
remove it when leaving your dog by himself and when going out for walks.
Use the line as much as possible to teach your dog how to come away from
the window or doors when you tell him while he is barking.
sure that you use the line to teach your dog how to behave in any situation
where you might want to control him. (e.g.. put him out into the garden
or getting him off furniture).Remember to make lots of fuss of him whenever
he does anything that he is told.
now use the toys and games to reinforce good behavior when they are offered.
at people when outside the house Food
Now take out all of your dogs food and some favorite toys whenever
you take him out of the house for exercise. Use the food and toys to reward
him for being under good control whenever there are other people and/or
dogs around. This part of the program emphasizes the importance of behaving
in an acceptable fashion because all of his food and games with toys are
at stake. There is to be no food or games with toys offered at home for
this week of the program.
at visitors Food
In order to stop your dog from barking at visitors, do the following:
· Divide all of your dogs daily food allowance up into ten
equal portions. No other food is to be available.
· When anyone that your dog knows well and is friendly towards
enters the house they are not to greet him at the front door.
· They should walk straight past him without saying a word and
go straight to where the food and toys are.
· They should get one position of food and place it on the floor
for him to eat.
· It sometimes helps if he is very friendly towards certain people
to get them to stroke him before giving him the food.
territorial barking food
In order to reduce your dogs barking in his territory feed him in
the following manner each day:
Prepare his food for the day in the morning and put half of it in the
refrigerator for use in the evening, with the other half split up into
five containers, each containing an equal amount.
· Keep some containers near to areas where you have had problems
in the past with his barking, etc.
· Whenever he sees someone go past the window, call him away and
offer one container of food.
· If he comes away quickly then he is allowed to eat that container
· If he does not come away from the window then let him see you
put that container of food into the bin.
· He is only allowed five chances each day to get this half of
· There is to be no other food at all which is made available to
him for the duration of this program.
· The only food that he gets is for behaving in the manner that
when left in the house
In order to stop your dog from barking when you leave the house, you simply
need to remove all of the signals that let your dog know you are going
out so that he thinks you are always in.
Make a list of all the things you do before and during the time you are
about to go out.
Every day on a daily basis go through your going out routine but stay
in the house or immediately return after closing the front door.
You will also need to trick your dog into thinking you are still in the
house by using some or all of the following tips.
the radio or television on.
Make a recording of sounds that your dog will recognize as you being present
in another room of the house. Vacuuming, washing up holding a telephone
conversation, etc. Play this tape in another room whenever you go out
so that your dog thinks you are at home.
Leave an unwashed item of your clothing just outside the door of the room
that your dog is left in so that when he stiffs the bottom of the door
he thinks you are on the other side.
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